Home Bible Study

"Yes, I am coming quickly." Amen.
Revelation 22:20

This is a Home Bible study. It exists to promote the Word of God as it's written, which means nothing added or taken away, and minus opinions.

The Bible is the only source of Divine Truth in the world today. Although it is both helpful and informative in many ways, the Bible often doesn't tell us everything we want to know but the Bible does tell us everything we need to know.

My role is to guide you through the Scriptures; to explain what this book says and in some cases what it does not say because this is just as important.

Ultimately, you have a decision to make concerning your salvation - no one can make it for you. The Lord Jesus Christ, the Creator God, has given everyone the ability to make choices - this is is called "Free Will." I pray you consider your choice wisely.

II Timothy 2:15

Be diligent to present yourself approved to God as a workman who does not need to be ashamed, accurately handling the word of truth.

Search HBS Bible Lessons

Friday, November 9, 2018

Ephesians 6:18-24 (Lesson 42)

Home Bible Study©
Rightly Dividing the Word of Truth (2 Timothy 2:15)

Established November 2008                                                 Published Weekly on Friday

This is good and acceptable in the sight of God our Savior, who desires all men (and women) to be saved and to come to the knowledge of the truth.  (1Timothy 2:3-4)

Ephesians 6:18-24 - (L 42)

Welcome to HBS.

And we’re back… it’s good to have y’all here with me again this week.  Right off, I want you know my goal is to complete our study of Ephesians today, so this Bible lesson will be prolonged.  Please note I’m not saying we garnered all the knowledge in this letter; that’s simply not possible.  The Bible is an infinite treasure; no Bible scholar or theologian has ever exhausted its riches, which brings me to my point.  The majority of people turn a deaf ear to God’s invitation of salvation:

Satan has blinded the minds of the unbelieving, so that they might not see the light of the gospel of the glory of Jesus Christ, who is the image of God (2 Corinthians 4:4; Matthew 7:13-14).  These folks don’t realize how much they need God’s free gift of grace and the Bible.  They’re marching to the beat of the wrong drummer!

If you were instructed to stop eating for a month, most of you would ignore this advice, and rightly so.  A person can go without food for a time before they become too weak to live.   Yet, the majority of Christians are spiritually weak (unable to understand even the rudimentary principles of the faith) because they ignore the spiritual food God has provided in the Bible, and this leads me to my next point:  Bible study is not an option it’s a necessity.  Believers cannot grow spiritually unless they regularly dine (feed their hearts and minds) on God’s written Word, rightly divided - So I tell you this, and testify to it in the Lord:  You must no longer walk as the Gentiles do, in the futility of their thinking.  They are darkened in their understanding and alienated from the life of God because of the ignorance that is in them due to the darkness of their hearts… (Ephesians 4:17-19).

Job said, “I have treasured the words of his mouth more than my daily bread” (Job 23:12).  Why?  Job said his daily bread is a treasure because it’s a gift from God meant to strengthen and sustain him; however, the words of his (God’s) mouth provide eternal life to those who believe; that’s the chief difference.

Please open your Bible at Ephesians 6:18-24.

I ended last week’s Bible lesson discussing the Great Commission, a ministry the risen Lord gave to His disciples, under the Law.  Today we’re going to examine the Body of Christ’s “marching orders,” the risen Lord gave to our Apostle Paul, under God’s Grace (Ephesians 3:1-12). 

The Ministry of Reconciliation

Let’s begin by reviewing a statement from our Apostle Paul in Colossians 1:20-22:  And, having made peace through the blood of his cross, by him to reconcile all things unto himself; by him, I say, whether they be things in earth, or things in heaven.  And you, that were sometime alienated and enemies in your mind by wicked works, yet now hath he reconciled in the body of his flesh through death, to present you holy and unblameable and unreproveable in his sight... (KJV)

Now, let’s turn left in our Bibles to 2 Corinthians 5:18-20 for the Church’s “marching orders.”

And all things are of God, who hath reconciled us to himself by Jesus Christ, and hath given to us the ministry of reconciliation; To wit, that God was in Christ, reconciling the world unto himself, not imputing their trespasses unto them; and hath committed unto us the word of reconciliation. Now then we are ambassadors for Christ, as though God did beseech you by us: we pray you in Christ’s stead, be ye reconciled to God.  (KJV)

There are a number of things the Creator God desires for His creation and certainly at the top of that list is reconciliation (the ending of conflict or the renewing of fellowship between disputing people or groups).  First and foremost, God wants all those He created in His image, all of whom have been separated from Him through sin, to be brought back into fellowship with Him.  That separation began in the Garden of Eden when the man and the woman disobeyed God’s expressed command.  The penalty for disobedience was death, (Genesis 2:17) spiritual death occurred instantly and physical death would occur eventually.  Now the soul and spirit are created to be eternal, only the body (our earthly tent – 2 Corinthians 5:1) will actually experience death, but in both cases death involved eternal separation from God (Matthew 25:41).

Scripture tells us all have sinned, a fact no one can honestly deny, although the vast majority of people do so.  I find many people have no concept of sin.  Mom and dad taught their children right from wrong, but they are not associating wrongdoings with sin.  Let’s be clear, God is aware of our rebellious nature.  I say this because the Bible reveals mankind’s sinful condition with absolute clarity:

Therefore, just as through one man sin entered into the world, and death through sin, and so death spread to all men, because all sinned--” (Romans 5:12);

For all have sinned, and come short of the glory of God” (Romans 3:23).

The Bible also reveals the consequences of sin:  

But your iniquities have made a separation between you and your God, And your sins have hidden His face from you so that He does not hear” (Isaiah 59:2).

The penalty for sin is eternal; therefore reconciliation must also be eternal:  

Neither by the blood of goats and calves, but by his own blood he entered in once into the holy place, having obtained eternal redemption for us” (Hebrews 9:12 - KJV).  

Reconciliation with humanity’s Creator is impossible for individuals to achieve through their own efforts.  It can’t be earned and it certainly can’t be purchased.  Why?  Divine justice demands the sin penalty must be paid and the penalty is infinite—endless.  Finite humanity itself cannot bring about reconciliation by satisfying divine justice because the punishment is without end, i.e., “everlasting destruction from the presence of the Lord, and from the glory of his power” (2 Thessalonians 1:8-9).  Regarding salvation, the Bible teaches us “… all things are possible with God.” (Mark 10:27).

This is where the Lord Jesus Christ enters the picture as God personified.  He became the Son of Man (the second Adam):  So also it is written, "The first MAN, Adam, BECAME A LIVING SOUL."  The last Adam became a life-giving spirit (1 Corinthians 15:45).  Jesus Christ, the perfect (sinless) Man could (and did) pay the eternal penalty for all mankind the Holy, Righteous Judge demanded:  

…for all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God, being justified as a gift by His grace through the redemption which is in Christ Jesus; whom God displayed publicly as a propitiation in His blood through faith (alone).  This was to demonstrate His righteousness, because in the forbearance of God He passed over the sins previously committed; for the demonstration, I say, of His righteousness, at the present time, so that He would be just and the justifier of the one who has faith in Jesus (Romans 3:23-26).

And he is the propitiation for our sins: and not for ours only, but also for the sins of the whole world” (1 John 2:2 - KJV).

 But we see Jesus…that he by the grace of God should taste death for every man” (Hebrews 2:9).
As God, He could experience and pay that eternal penalty God the Father demanded.  As the Son of Man, He could die physically.  All this He did on the cross.  Although His complete payment for the sins of humanity is beyond our comprehension, Scripture proves the reality of His atonement is undeniable.  Christ’s final words as He hung on the cross are both certain and clear:  It is finished.”  God took care of humanity’s sin problem once and for all at the cross of Jesus Christ.  Here we find Peter and John speaking boldly about this truth saying, “Salvation exists in no one else, for there is no other name under heaven given to men by which we must be saved” (Acts 4:12). 

The Koine Greek term used for “finished” is Tetelestai taken from the root word Teleo (tel-eh’-o), Verb, Strong’s Greek #5055, meaning:  to bring to an end, complete, fulfill, finish.

Back in Jesus’ day receipts were often introduced by the phrase Tetelestai, usually written.  This word was stamped on paid bills and debt certificates in the first century noting their completion or “Payment in full.”  Our Apostle Paul used this phraseology in Colossians 2:13-14 to explain what the Lord’s sacrificial death accomplished for us: 

When you were dead in your transgressions and the uncircumcision of your flesh, He made you alive together with Him, having forgiven us all our transgressions, having canceled out the certificate of debt consisting of decrees against us, which was hostile to us; and He has taken it out of the way, having nailed it to the cross.

Jesus Christ’s sacrifice once for all has only one requirement in order to bring about reconciliation between God and every human being.  His “death, burial, and resurrection according to the Scriptures” (1 Corinthians 15:1-4), that is, the gospel of grace must be believed and received as Jesus Christ’s full payment for one’s sins.  Faith (alone) brings about God’s free gift of salvation, and anything added to that is a rejection of Christ’s immeasurable gift that brings about reconciliation and justification and restores what had been lost, fellowship between the individual and their Creator.

As I said, being reconciled to God is first and foremost, but it doesn’t end there, we know this is true because this book says we’re saved to serve the Lord and others.  People are not saved to sit in their favorite church pew week-after–week, in essence giving God an hour or so of their precious time believing this constitutes a loving response to God’s gift of grace.  It’s a well known church fact 20% of the congregation is involved in serving others in some form or fashion, while the remaining 80% gladly let them. 

God’s message regarding our spiritual service is clear: 

Therefore, I urge you, brethren, by the mercies of God, to present your bodies a living and holy sacrifice, acceptable to God, which is your spiritual service of worship (Romans 12:1).

For you were called to freedom, brethren; only do not turn your freedom into an opportunity for the flesh, but through love serve one another (Galatians 5:13).

And He gave some as apostles, and some as prophets, and some as evangelists, and some as pastors and teachers (Why?), for the equipping of the saints (you and me) for the work of service, to the building up of the body of Christ; (Ephesians 4:11-12).

Whatever you do, do your work heartily, as for the Lord rather than for men, knowing that from the Lord you will receive the reward of the inheritance.  It is the Lord Christ whom you serve (Colossians 3:23-24).

Thus, we understand every true Believer is to serve the Lord as His ambassador and their ministry is reconciliation with family, friends, Grace Age saints, and those outside of Jesus Christ (the unbelieving).  Every ambassador of Jesus Christ carries God’s message in their heart.  Simply said, we’re to explain the gospel to everyone with whom God provides the opportunity:   

For I am not ashamed of the gospel, for it is the power of God for salvation (faith (alone) in the gospel of grace saves, not walking a church aisle, not trying to be the best person you can possibly be, not giving away money, not praying a certain prayer, not accepting Jesus into your heart or into your life; but only) to everyone who believes, to the Jew first and also to the Greek.  For in it the righteousness of God is revealed from faith to faith; as it is written, “But the righteous man shall live by faith(Romans 1:16-17).

For by grace you have been saved through faith; and that not of yourselves, it is the gift of God; not as a result of works, so that no one may boast (Ephesians 2:8-9).

So then, while we have (what) opportunity, let us do good to all people, and especially to those who are of the household of the faith (Galatians 6:10).

Sharing the gospel of grace should be one of the easiest things for Christians to do but sadly, far too many people are reluctant to do so.  This brings me to another aspect of reconciliation I’ve already mentioned.  It has to do with reconciling our personal relationships.  Reconciliation between individuals is very important to God.  We know this because there are numerous examples in Scripture.  It also makes sense because how can you as God’s ambassador share the gospel with someone if there is a “mountain” between you, i.e. an unresolved personal conflict? 

Esau, for example, certainly had an issue with his twin brother Jacob who practiced deception in stealing his birthright, but if you read on you’ll discover the brothers were reconciled (Genesis 33:4).  The Corinthians separated themselves from the young man “who had his father’s wife,” but after he repented he was reconciled to them (1 Corinthians 5:1-13).  Regarding that situation, Paul wrote:

Sufficient for such a one is this punishment which was inflicted by the majority, so that on the contrary you should rather forgive and comfort him, otherwise such a one might be overwhelmed by excessive sorrow” (2 Corinthians 2:6-7).  

Paul’s letter to Philemon consists primarily of his exhortation to receive back Onesimus, his slave, who ran away.  Paul himself had issues with John Mark, the nephew of Barnabas, which caused them to separate (Acts 15:3–16:10).  However, we later learn those issues were resolved because Paul later declared;

Only Luke is with me.  Pick up Mark and bring him with you, for he is useful to me for service.” (2 Timothy 4:11).

Perhaps the greatest obstacle to reconciliation among Believers is reluctance, even outright refusal, to forgive an offending individual.  People feel they have the right to strap on a grudge and wear it the rest of their lives.  This is why the Lord, knowing the heart of man, underscores the necessity of forgiveness throughout the Scriptures:  

Then Peter came and said to Him, “Lord, how often shall my brother sin against me and I forgive him?  Up to seven times?”  Jesus said to him, I do not say to you, up to seven times, but up to seventy times seven” (Matthew 18:21-22).

Paul wrote:  Let all bitterness and wrath and anger and clamor and slander be put away from you, along with all malice.  Be kind to one another, tender-hearted, forgiving each other, just as God in Christ also has forgiven you (Ephesians 4:31-32).

So, as those who have been chosen of God, holy and beloved, put on a heart of compassion, kindness, humility, gentleness and patience; bearing with one another, and forgiving each other, whoever has a complaint against anyone; just as the Lord forgave you, so also should you (Colossians 3:12-13). 

This lesson wouldn’t be complete if we did not discuss the chief factors preventing people from obeying God’s command to forgive.  A few of these negative factors are:  ignorance, pride and selfishness.  I believe the first one in line is self explanatory.  If someone is ignorant, they don’t know God or His wise counsel, they’re not going to obey His commands. 

The next one, pride, follows closely behind ignorance.  The sin of pride keeps people from responding to God’s free gift of grace, thereby restoring fellowship with Him, but it also keeps the individual from doing the right thing at the right time.  Pride is not only self-destructive it has the power to decimate personal relationships.  Most folks are aware Lucifer lost more than just fellowship with the LORD God because of his pride.

But who remembers the decades old feud between the Hatfield’s and the McCoy’s?  One wrongful act in 1865 gave birth to an unrelenting feud between these two families.  The mere mention of these two names today evokes a vision of lawlessness where gun-toting vigilantes bent on defending their kinfolk, ignited bitter grudges that spanned generations.  In 1889 eight Hatfield’s and their supporters were sentenced to life in prison, one man was sentenced to death by hanging.  There’s no record of this feud ending even though the conflict subsided many years ago and that, my friends, is the very nature of pride.  You want what you want now because you want it!  That’s not what this book says.  This book teaches us to humble ourselves before God:

Therefore I, the prisoner of the Lord, implore you to walk in a manner worthy of the calling with which you have been called, with all humility and gentleness, with patience, showing tolerance for one another in love, being diligent to preserve the unity of the Spirit in the bond of peace (Ephesians 4:2).

So, as those who have been chosen of God, holy and beloved, put on a heart of compassion, kindness, humility, gentleness and patience; bearing with one another, and forgiving each other, whoever has a complaint against anyone; just as the Lord forgave you, so also should you (Colossians 3:12).

You younger men, likewise, be subject to your elders; and all of you, clothe yourselves with humility toward one another, for God is opposed to the proud, but gives grace to the humble” (1 Peter 5:5).

Selfishness is fed by pride.  It’s an attitude of being concerned with one’s own interests above the interests of others.  However, the Bible commands us to do just the opposite:

 nothing from selfishness or empty conceit, but with humility of mind regard one another as more important than yourselves; do not merely look out for your own personal interests, but also for the interests of others (Philippians 2:3-4).

Selfishness or empty conceit is often expressed by building oneself up while tearing someone else down.  It is one of the works of “the flesh” according to Galatians 5:20:  

idolatry and sorcery, hatred, discord, jealousy, and rage; rivalries (selfish ambition), divisions, factions…

Throughout the Word of God Believers are urged to employ the JOY principle (Jesus, Others, and then You), meaning:  deny yourself, put Christ first and then others, thus fulfilling the Law of Christ: 

Bear one another's burdens, and thereby fulfill the law of Christ (Galatians 6:2). 

Each of us should please his neighbor for his good, to build him up.  For even Christ did not please Himself, but as it is written: “The insults of those who insult You have fallen on Me” (Romans 15:2-3 BSB).

For the love of Christ compels us, having concluded this, that One has died for all, therefore all have died.  And He died for all, that those who live should no longer live for themselves, but for Him who died for them and was raised again (2 Corinthians 5:14-15 – BSB). 

Love is patient, love is kind. It does not envy, it does not boast, it is not proud.  It is not rude, it is not self-seeking, it is not easily angered, it keeps no account of wrongs.  Love takes no pleasure in evil, but rejoices in the truth.  It bears all things, believes all things, hopes all things, endures all things… (1 Corinthians 13:4-7).

Therefore I, the prisoner of the Lord, implore you to walk in a manner worthy of the calling with which you have been called, with all humility and gentleness, with patience, showing tolerance for one another in love, being diligent to preserve the unity of the Spirit in the bond of peace (Ephesians 4:1-3).

 “Be of the same mind toward one another; do not be haughty in mind, but associate with the lowly.  Do not be wise in your own estimation.  Never pay back evil for evil to anyone.  Respect what is right in the sight of all men.  If possible, so far as it depends on you, be at peace with all men.  Never take your own revenge, beloved, but leave room for the wrath of God, for it is written, “Vengeance is Mine, I will repay,” says the Lord.  But if your enemy is hungry, feed him, and if he is thirsty, give him a drink; for in so doing you will heap burning coals on his head.” Do not be overcome by evil, but overcome evil with good” (Romans 12:16-18).  

God just explained His way and anyone who wants to experience peace in their life but has departed from God’s way must first and foremost begin the reconciliation process with Him.

Now, let’s return to our main study at Ephesians 6:20:

… for which I am (what) an ambassador in chains; that in proclaiming it (the gospel) I may speak boldly, as I ought to speak.

Paul said he is an ambassador in chains— in Koine Greek, this is a title given to the Legate of the Emperor, an ambassador and diplomat of the Roman Empire.  But here’s the thing and the biblical irony.  The Emperor’s ambassador is not allowed to be imprisoned; they’re not allowed to be harmed in any way.  But the irony here is the Lord’s ambassador is in chains; locked away, because he obeyed God! 

Even though Paul suffered the loss of his freedom, he did not ask the Ephesians for personal needs.  Instead, he asked for prayer to proclaim the gospel boldly.  I’ve said this before, but it bears repeating, it’s perfectly alright to pray for your personal needs.  However, Paul wasn’t preoccupied with personal comforts.  Here Paul' teaches us our primary focus in prayer should be spiritual concerns.  Even though people are aware of this teaching most folks are so consumed with their desire to obtain material things, they give little if any attention to praying for spiritual needs such as the passion to speak boldly about the gospel of grace when the opportunity arises.    

All of us should pray regularly for “boldness” because timidity is often the rule of life.    When you read through the Book of Acts, one thing becomes perfectly clear.  Our Apostle Paul did not lack boldness.  In fact, he was put in prison because he boldly proclaimed the gospel to a mob that had attempted to kill him!  When you read on you learn he endured much suffering for the sake of the Gospel (Acts 9:15-16), but no matter what trial befell him he could not be stopped (2 Corinthians 11:23-29).  

So, if Paul spoke boldly to his audience about the gospel, why was he specifically asking for boldness in 6:19-20?  When Paul wrote this he was proclaiming the gospel of grace to Caesar and his entire household:  “... with all confidence, no man forbidding him” (Acts 28:1-31).  We learn here Believers should be praying for evangelists, missionaries, pastors, Bible teachers, and each other to be fearless and uncompromising when it comes to “the whole counsel of God,” rightly divided (Acts 20:27).

Let’s go to Ephesians 6:21-24.

But that you also may know about my circumstances, how I am doing, Tychicus, the beloved brother and faithful minister in the Lord, will make everything known to you.  I have sent him to you for this very purpose, so that you may know about us, and that he may comfort your hearts.  Peace be to the brethren, and love with faith, from God the Father and the Lord Jesus Christ.  Grace be with all those who love our Lord Jesus Christ with incorruptible love. 

Paul's words here are almost identical with Colossians 4:7-8.  Notice he said, "That you also may know"—this "also" refers to letters sent to other recipients (Colossians), which were also delivered by Tychicus.  Paul wanted them to know how he was doing; he wanted them to know about his present circumstances, so he sent Tychicus with this letter to bring them up-to-speed, as it were. 

The name of Tychicus appears five times in the New Testament (Acts 20:4, Ephesians 6:21; Colossians 4:7; 2 Timothy 4:12; and Titus 3:12).  Unlike other names which reoccur in Scripture, there is little doubt the individual mentioned in all these passages is indeed Tychicus.  He was one of the unrecognized servants of God in the New Testament but he made a big impact for the cause of Christ.  Let this sink in… we’re not all Billy Graham’s or our Apostle Paul, but if you’ll bloom where God’s planted you, you can make a difference in this darkened world, pulling people out of the coming fire, literally speaking.

Tychicus traveled widely with Paul.  Along with some other men, he accompanied Paul on part of his third missionary journey (Acts 20:4).  He was one of the men who helped take the collection to the destitute Jews in Jerusalem.

Tychicus' willingness to travel with Paul to Jerusalem shows his servant's heart because it was not an easy journey.  Travel in the ancient world was difficult and dangerous.  The trip to Jerusalem would be very difficult, and it would take Tychicus away from his family, friends, and church for a long time.  Along the way, Paul was repeatedly warned trouble awaited him in Jerusalem.  Despite this apparent danger Tychicus remained with Paul.

He also went to the trouble of going to Rome to be with Paul in his first imprisonment. Now Paul is sending him back to Asia with the letters to the Ephesians, Colossians, and Philemon.  We learned at the very beginning of this study, the book of Ephesians is a circular letter.  Paul’s letters were meant to be circulated to all the churches in Asia. 
Tychicus, perhaps one of the first postmen in history, was the Lord’s reliable courier that took it around to all of these churches.

Tychicus also escorted the runaway slave, Onesimus, who had become a Believer, back to his owner, Philemon.  He was given the responsibility to intervene before Philemon so that he would welcome Onesimus back as a brother in Christ, rather than punishing him as a run-away slave as the law dictated.  Tychicus’ name appears elsewhere in Paul’s writings, but I think you’re getting the idea.  He was the Lord’s and Paul’s faithful servant (Ephesians 4:18-21). 

I have sent him (Tychicus) to you for this very purpose, so that you may know about us, and that he may comfort your hearts (6:22).

"I have sent him to you" - Paul sent Tychicus to the church at Ephesus so that you (the Ephesian saints) may know about us, and that he may comfort your hearts.  Here’s God’s ambassador in chains demonstrating his great concern for the churches   (2 Corinthians 11:28).  In addition to this, Paul wanted to encourage the Believers in Ephesus.  The news Tychicus was bringing to them was meant to bolster both their faith and their morale.   We know this because of Paul’s next statement:  That he may comfort your hearts.”

Having heard Paul was in prison, it’s quite likely this knowledge discouraged the faithful; however, our Apostle Paul wanted them to know he wasn’t “down” and he definitely was not “out of the race.” 

Let’s go to Ephesians 6:23-24:

Peace be to the brethren, and love with faith, from God the Father and the Lord Jesus Christ.  Grace be with all those who love our Lord Jesus Christ with incorruptible love. 

Here Paul ends with a benediction reflecting the themes of his letter.  He opened it with the same emphasis saying, “Grace to you and peace from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ” (Ephesians 1:2). 

The word peace is found throughout this letter.  In chapter one we find our peace with God is made because of God’s choosing us from the foundation of the world, His redeeming us to Himself through Jesus Christ and his sealing His promises to us with the Holy Spirit.  In 2:14-15 Paul emphasizes that Jesus Christ Himself is our peace, the one that has broken down the walls of pride that separate groups of people, especially the barrier that had existed between Jew and Gentile.  In Jesus Christ both are brought together in one body.  There is peace and harmony between them and all people.  2:17 indicates this peace that can now exist between all peoples is part of the gospel message.  In 4:3 we find there is already a unity that exists in the Body of Christ because there is only one body, one Spirit, one hope of our calling, one Lord, one faith, one baptism, one God and father of all who is over all and through all and in all.  

Paul said we are called to preserve the peace of that unity by walking in a manner worthy of our calling with all humility and gentleness.  We are to be patient and forbearing as each person is moved to spiritual maturity in living according to God’s expressed will.  And then in 6:15 we find in our standing firm against the devil, one of the aspects of our armor is to have our feet shod with the preparation of the gospel of peace.  When our spiritual foundation is secure, having been reconciled, we are at peace with Him.  Mere circumstances cannot shake our faith.  Regardless of what may come, we can be calm in the midst of the storm because we have peace with God.

Love is another reoccurring theme throughout this book.  But notice Paul joins it together with faith.  These two traits must walk hand in hand.  True love is born out of faith and true faith expresses itself in true love.  Back in 1:15 Paul commended the Ephesians because their faith in the Lord Jesus was openly demonstrated in their love for all the saints.  2:8 tells us that it was out of God’s great love that He made a way for man to be saved.  Our faith in God is born out of His great love for us, even while we were yet God haters (Romans 5:7-9), resulting in both our trusting of Him and our love for Him.  God’s goodness and mercy to us gives us the security needed to be both bold and confident when facing the trials of life (3:12-13).  

Most folks render the meaning of peace as the absence of conflict.  Paul’s not saying that.  He knows all those walking with the Lord will experience conflict with the flesh, Satan, and the world; this is the reality despite what the world believes.  He’s saying even though you’re facing trials and tribulations (pressures) in your life, you have peace from God.  Where do we get peace?  In Christ Jesus! 

Next week we begin our verse-by-verse study of Paul’s letter to the Philippians.  See y’all then and have a Christ-filled week. 

(To be continued)

© Copyright 2011
GJ Heitzman’s Ministry
All Rights Reserved

Friday, November 2, 2018

Ephesians 6:18-20 - (Lesson 41)

Home Bible Study©
Rightly Dividing the Word of Truth (2 Timothy 2:15)

Established November 2008                                                 Published Weekly on Friday

This is good and acceptable in the sight of God our Savior, who desires all men (and women) to be saved and to come to the knowledge of the truth.  (1Timothy 2:3-4)

        Ephesians 6:18-20                                                  (Lesson 41)                                

Welcome to HBS.

I thank you for your faithful attendance and attentiveness, and I pray the Spirit of God will assist you in “leaving the elementary teachings about the Christ, and be taken to spiritual maturity…” (Hebrews 6:1).  Why?  The Lord Jesus Christ died for all, that those who live should no longer live for themselves, but for Him who died for them and was raised again.   So from now on we regard no one according to the flesh.  Although we once regarded Christ in this way, we do so no longer.  Therefore if anyone is in Christ, he is a new creation. The old has passed away. Behold, the new has come! (2 Corinthians 5:15-17)

We covered a lot of Spiritual ground in last week’s Bible lesson, but as predicted we did not complete our study of Ephesians 6:18-20.  We may accomplish this today, but only time will tell.  If the Holy Spirit reveals something to me that needs to be brought into the lesson, we’re going to go there.  In other words I have an outline to follow, but it’s written with a #2 pencil…

Two things I want to remind y’all of from the previous lesson are:

1) We are to pray, in the Spirit (under the Spirit’s control - Ephesians 5:18).  This is Paul praying and striving to take the gospel of grace to Bythinia but being sensitive and obedient to the Spirit’s leading to see the Lord intended he go to Macedonia instead (Acts. 16:7-10).  It is Paul praying three times to have the thorn in his flesh removed, but being satisfied with Gods answer that the Lord’s grace was sufficient for him (2 Corinthians 12:9).  To pray in the Spirit means include your mind (1 Corinthians 14:14-15).  God’s aware there are times we aren’t able to vocalize our need (Romans 8:26), i.e. “we do not know how to pray as we should but the Spirit Himself intercedes for us with groanings too deep for words.”  God interprets unintelligible sounds.

2) We are to pray in accordance with God’s Word.  In this age God speaks to us primarily via His Word and through godly men:  And He gave some as apostles, and some as prophets, and some as evangelists, and some as pastors and teachers, for the equipping of the saints for the work of service, to the building up of the body of Christ; until we all attain to the unity of the faith, and of the knowledge of the Son of God, to a mature man, (and woman) to the measure of the stature which belongs to the fullness of Christ (Ephesians 4:11-13).

I add to this the Bible is a complete work; meaning we should not be expecting new revelation from Him.  Thus, people need to respond to what “has been written” in order to be in harmony with God and His Word.  We’ve been studying the Lord’s command to put on the full armor of God… with (by means of) all prayer and petition pray at all times in the Spirit so we can stand firm against the devil’s schemes in this present evil age.   Although you won’t find the term “spiritual warfare” in the Bible Paul makes us aware of this conflict between God’s saints and the devil’s evil forces.

Please open your Bible and return to Ephesians 6:18-20.

With all prayer and petition pray at all times in the Spirit, and with this in view, be on the alert with all perseverance and petition for all the saints, and pray on my behalf, that utterance may be given to me in the opening of my mouth, to make known with boldness the mystery of the gospel, for which I am an ambassador in chains; that in proclaiming it I may speak boldly, as I ought to speak.

I mentioned last week this section of Scripture is often overlooked by Bible readers which mean the priority of prayer in spiritual warfare is often ignored or unrecognized.  Obviously, Paul is saying habitual prayer is absolutely essential in spiritual warfare. 
I also mentioned verse 6:18 isn’t the start of a new paragraph.  Remember, Bible addresses were added by the Bible translators.  This has proved helpful in studying your Bible and witnessing, however, it often alters or dims the Bible text.  Ephesians 6:17 and 6:18 are connected and read as, “And take the HELMET OF SALVATION, and the sword of the Spirit, which is the word of God, with (by means of) all prayer and petition pray at all times in the Spirit…”  Paul then introduces the specifics of praying.   

We examined the word prayer (Proseuche) last week, so we’ll look at the next word in line representing prayer which is “petition.  This word is Deesis (deh’-ay-sis) in Koine Greek; Noun, Feminine, Strong’s Greek#1162, meaning:  entreaty; to pray for a specific need.  The word prayer is used in a general way while petition refers to those specific needs we communicate to God the Father either mentally or verbally.   Paul writes:

Rejoice in the Lord always; again I say, Rejoice.  Let your gentle spirit be known to all men.  The Lord is near.  Be anxious (careful – KJV) for nothing; but in everything by prayer and supplication with thanksgiving let your requests be made known to God.  (Contrary to opinion God answers every prayer.  We know this because Paul goes on to explain) And the peace of God, which surpasses all comprehension, will guard your hearts and your minds in Christ Jesus (Philippians 4:6-7).

When you pray, God gives you His peace to guard your hearts and minds in Christ.  But let’s be clear Paul is not saying you are to “name and claim your heart’s desire.”  This phrase is associated with the Jewish Prophetic Program, as I showed y’all last week; and it’s the main reason for unanswered prayer.  Today it is connected to the “prosperity gospel” and various other religious philosophies coming out of The Word of Faith and the New Age movements.  These folks teach their congregations they can create their own reality through prayer, and they obtain their heart’s desire via the “power of faith.”  They say if you’re not getting a response to your prayers, it’s because you lack the faith necessary to get er’ done.  In other words, y’all need more faith.  In essence, they have redefined faith from “complete trust in a holy and sovereign God despite life’s difficulties,” to a way of controlling God so He will give them what they want, whenever they want it.”  Instead of walking by faith and not by sight, faith actually becomes the power source they “tap into” to obtain the things they desire, instead of placing their trust in God, the sufficiency of His Grace, and His power to strengthen them in every circumstance. 

Although prayer is not meant to be the 7th armament of God, it is to be utilized at all times in the Spirit.  Permit me to explain.  In addition to the armaments of warfare, most armies employ a secret battle strategy (like the Normandy landings on June 6, 1944.  The allies’ attack on Nazi held France caught Hitler and His vast army dozing).  As this concerns us, we enter the fray using prayer as our secret strategy.  But what should we pray?  I’ll answer that question with a question.  How did the Lord Jesus Christ defeat Satan in the wilderness?  Let’s all turn to Matthew 4:1-11 for the answer.

Then Jesus was led up by the Spirit into the wilderness to be tempted by the devil.  And after He had fasted forty days and forty nights, He then became hungry (a human weakness).  And (in His moment of weakness) the tempter came and said to Him, “If You are the Son of God, command that these stones become bread.”  But He answered and said, It is written, ‘Man shall not live on bread alone, but on every word that proceeds out of the mouth of God’” (Deuteronomy 8:3).

As you read on, you’ll find Satan approached Jesus three times and tried to use temptations of the flesh and false worship to lead Him into sin.  Satan often seeks to take advantage of our circumstances wanting to tempt us.  But we’re to meet his assaults (temptations) as our Savior did, with the clear and positive declarations of Scripture.  You know what the right thing to do is because as Jesus Christ said, “It is written.”   

We are not to trust our “feelings” or “our flesh” but we are to place our complete trust in the infallible word of truth.  As soldiers in Christ’s army we’re to “pray without ceasing” as we “fight the good fight of the faith.”  The expression, “pray without ceasing” is found in 1 Thessalonians 5:17.  The Koine Greek word translated:  "without ceasing" is a military term meaning repeated military assaults.  It was also used in reference to a hacking cough.  Someone with a hacking cough does not cough every second, but they do cough repetitively.   Literally, this term means, “in every season of life, praying always.  Paul’s saying God wants to hear from us in every season of life not just when we’re in trouble.  Our prayers would include:  intercession, petition, supplication, thanksgiving, etc.  These are to be offered up on every occasion, not only for ourselves, but also for our fellow-soldiers fighting the good fight of the faith.

This begs the question, “How would the Lord describe your prayer life?”  Do you pray without ceasing or are you like the people who treat God as though He were a 911 operator or a heavenly bell hop (a divine step-n-fetch)?  The truth of the matter is when things are going well prayer is rarely thought of.  But as soon as life begins to get rough people want action and they want it now!  Paul said prayer is to be habitual and not sporadic; it’s likened to our breathing.  Breathing isn’t planned or sporadic it’s a reoccurring activity.  This is what Paul meant by “pray at all times, about “all things.”  Prayer is to be habitual; a reoccurring action in the Believer’s life.

Paul’s saying our praying will come under the heading of general prayer or specific prayer (petitions).  An example of general prayer is when we ask God to “show me how I can serve You” or “Lead me to the job You have for me.”  Examples of specific prayer requests (Petitions) are “help me be a dependable witnesses (6:19),” “help me control my anger (4:26-27),” “help me be a loving parent (6:4),” or “help me lead my spouse (4:25, 29).”    

We’re to pray and petition the Lord after putting on the full armor of God.  But we’re also to pray for our brothers and sisters in Christ, for their works of service, and their worthy walk.  People are stumbling over Satan’s schemes on a daily basis which proves you and I are not the only ones involved in spiritual warfare, so Paul concludes 6:18 saying, “…with this in view, be on the alert with all perseverance and petition (pray specifically) for all the saints.”

This is why Paul urges the Ephesian saints to be on the alert and they are to do this with all perseverancefor the devil prowls around like a roaring lion looking for someone to devour…  Perhaps you’re aware of a brother or sister in Christ Jesus who suffers from an addiction of some sort, or who has been deceived by false teaching and are being led away from the truth.  Paul’s saying your supportive prayers are needed to help them overcome (stand firm) temptation.

 The Koine Greek word for alert is Gregoreo (gray-gor-yoo’-o), Verb, Strong’s Greek #1127, and it means: literally, to stay awake, be responsible, watchful.  As Paul uses it here it means:  a watchful attention to spiritual matters.”  The term be alert is connected to his military analogy, i.e. to say “Your responsibility as a sentry on duty, is to be alert.”

The Koine Greek word for perseverance is Makrothumia (mak-roth-oo-mee’-ah), Noun, Feminine, Strong’s Greek #3115, meaning:  patience, steadfastness, earnestly keeping on.  This is only place in the N.T. where you’ll find this term.  It literally means persistence and we find this term linked to prayer in Acts 1:14, 2:42, 6:4; Romans 12:12; and Colossians 4:2.  It means to devote one’s self constantly to a life of prayer because this pleases God.  In other words, we’re not to wave the white flag and give up because you’re not seeing a response to your prayer(s).  Instead, we’re to “be on the alert (watching) with all perseverance and petition for all the saints.”  Watching for what?  God to work in their lives in answers to our prayers for the timing is the Lord’s. 

What if after years of praying I still see no response to my prayer?  Scripture reveals Paul prayed x3 for God to remove his “thorn in his flesh.” But instead of removing it God said, “My grace is sufficient for you, for power is perfected in weakness.”  We aren’t given any information as to how long Paul prayed.  But if you’ll study 2 Corinthians 12:7-10, you’ll find he didn’t complain about this physical ailment, get angry with God, or stop believing in the power of prayer.  Paul came to realize this hurtful thing was actually a gift from God, “to keep him from exalting himself because of the surpassing greatness of the revelations.”

I’ve yet to meet an individual who said, “My difficulty is actually a gift from God.”  But Paul’s head and his heart were in the right place.  In the midst of this trial he said, “Most gladly, therefore, I will rather boast about my weaknesses, so that the power of Christ may dwell in me.  Therefore I am well content with weaknesses, with insults, with distresses, with persecutions, with difficulties, for Christ’s sake; for when I am weak, then I am strong (2 Corinthians 12:7-10).  True Believers should understand it’s what God wants that matters.  Life isn’t about fairness it’s about awareness. 

Now let’s examine Ephesians 6:19.

…and pray on my behalf, that utterance may be given to me in the opening of my mouth, to make known with boldness the mystery of the gospel,

Here Paul makes a personal request for prayer.  Just as he started this letter in chapter 1 with prayer for the saints of Ephesus, praying for the Believers and all their needs, he now asks them to pray for him.  In doing so, Paul reveals he is most concerned about the ministry of reconciliation. 

Pray on my behalf – in case you’ve forgotten, Paul writes these words while in prison.  What do you suppose people in prison usually pray for if they believe in prayer that is?  Most want justice to be served, hardly anyone in prison believes they belong there, and people usually complain about prison conditions – no cable T.V. for instance.  Paul doesn’t complain about his present state.  He prays specifically "That utterance may be given to me in the opening of my mouth, to make known with boldness the mystery of the gospel,"

I use several Bible translations in my Bible study and I’ll use the passage above to show you why that is.  The Authorized Version translates verse 19 as, “that I may open my mouth” whereas the NASB renders it “That utterance may be given to me in the opening of my mouth” or said differently, “that God may open my mouth…”  The KJV says the same thing basically.  Thus we learn not all Bible translations are equal, and we learn the significance between Paul opening his own mouth and God opening his mouth to make known with boldness the mystery of the gospel. 

If you’ll look at the following writings of Paul, you’ll discover he asks the Believers in Christ to remember him in their prayers (Romans 15:30-33; Colossians 4:1-4; 2 Thessalonians 3:1-2).  What’s the general concern being expressed?  The answer:  in all but one he doesn’t ask for personal needs, although there is nothing wrong with that, his primary concern is that the word of the Lord will spread rapidly and He be glorified…  In actuality, Paul’s prayer was for more boldness in proclaiming the mystery of the gospel, even though it was this boldness, as well as this message, that ignited Jewish hatred and caused him to be imprisoned.    

This brings me back to a point I’ve mentioned over and over again.  The goal of every true Believer in Christ Jesus is to “know Him and the power of His resurrection for salvation, to a mature man.” Therefore, I pray some of you are imitating Paul by praying regularly for boldness in speaking about what the Lord Jesus Christ has accomplished for you (witnessing) and that God’s good news of salvation based on faith (alone) in the gospel will spread accurately and rapidly (1 Corinthians 15:1-4).    

Paul reveals our commission, “marching orders from Headquarters” in 2 Corinthians 5:11-21: And all things are of God, who hath reconciled us to himself by Jesus Christ, and hath (what) given to us the ministry of reconciliation (v17-18).  If you’re a true Believer, this concerns you because we are the Lord’s ambassador here on earth.  Our citizenship is in heaven, but God has provided “good works” for us.  One of these works is speaking the truth about Jesus Christ and the finished work of the cross, with confidence to a dying world (Ephesians 2:8-10). 

However, the vast majority of Christendom is ignorant of this teaching.  They’re only aware of the “Great Commission” given to the twelve by the Lord in Matthew 28 (Judas had committed suicide, but they’re still known as “the twelve.”  I’ll take the time to explain beginning with the nation of Israel’s Prophetic Program.  God’s chosen people held a position of primacy over the gentile nations; our Lord instructed the twelve to begin this ministry at Jerusalem.  Why, because this city was the seat of authority both politically and religiously.  In case you missed it, people have been fighting over Jerusalem for centuries (See the Crusades and the Arab and PLO demands for control of the Holy City).  Why, these folks all claim Jerusalem as their capital.  On December 6, 2017 President Trump ignored warnings from diplomats around the world and reversed decades of American policy toward this highly contested city by recognizing Jerusalem as Israel’s capital and ordered the U.S. Embassy to move. 

The Great Commission

I hadn’t planned on explaining the difference between the Great Commission and the Ministry of Reconciliation but it’s been brought to my attention, so we’re going there; and for good reason.   Most of Christendom has been taught Jesus’ declaration in Matthew 28:18-20 to His eleven disciples constitute the Church’s Great Commission.  They usually present this passage as Jesus’ last words to His apostles and the Church’s marching orders. 

Here’s the Bible passage:  And Jesus came up and spoke to them, saying, “All authority has been given to Me in heaven and on earth.  Go therefore and make disciples of all the nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and the Son and the Holy Spirit, teaching them to observe all that I commanded you; and lo, I am with you always, even to the end of the age

There are parallel passages in the other gospels we need to take a look at, if we’re to understand Jesus’ last words on earth to His remaining apostles.  Let’s look at these now.

Mark recorded:  And He said to them, Go into all the world and preach the gospel to all creation.  He who has believed and has been baptized shall be saved; but he who has disbelieved shall be condemned.  These signs will accompany those who have believed: in My name they will cast out demons, they will speak with new tongues; they will pick up serpents, and if they drink any deadly poison, it will not hurt them; they will lay hands on the sick, and they will recover (Mark 16:15-18).

Luke recorded:  Then He opened their minds to understand the Scriptures, and He said to them, Thus it is written, that the Christ would suffer and rise again from the dead the third day, and that repentance for forgiveness of sins would be proclaimed in His name to all the nations, beginning from Jerusalem.   You are witnesses of these things.  And behold, I am sending forth the promise of My Father upon you; but you are to stay in the city until you are clothed with power from on high (Luke 24:45-49).
Luke, the author of the Book of Acts, continued his history lesson in (Acts 1:4-8) saying, Gathering them together, He commanded them not to leave Jerusalem, but to wait for what the Father had promised, Which,” He said, you heard of from Me; for John baptized with water, but you will be baptized with the Holy Spirit not many days from now.”  So when they had come together, they were asking Him, saying, “Lord, is it at this time You are restoring the kingdom to Israel?”  He said to them, “It is not for you to know times or epochs which the Father has fixed by His own authority; but you will receive power when the Holy Spirit has come upon you; and you shall be My witnesses both in Jerusalem, and in all Judea and Samaria, and even to the remotest part of the earth.” 

And John recorded:   So Jesus said to them again, “Peace be with you; as the Father has sent Me, I also send you.”  And when He had said this, He breathed on them and said to them, “Receive the Holy Spirit. 23 If you forgive the sins of any, their sins have been forgiven them; if you retain the sins of any, they have been retained.” (John 20:21-23). 
The passages above provide the content and context of Jesus’ instructions to His eleven apostles.  Anyone familiar with Christian teaching on the gospel, the forgiveness of sins, baptism, miraculous gifts, and the work of the Holy Spirit, will recognize the wide inconsistency of the meaning of these doctrines in Christendom.  Multiple church denominations have been created depending on how they interpret these passages.  With regard to the so-called “Great Commission,” the chief focus of commentaries, evangelists, and Sunday sermons today are on the Lord’s command to preach the gospel and the coming of the promised Holy Spirit.  Largely ignored are the problems created by these passages.  But all is not lost there is a way to overcome the “the wall of confusion” and understand the teachings of Jesus Christ then, and what the Body of Christ, a.k.a. the Church should be doing today.  Scripture holds the answer. 

Beginning with this:  Paul summarized the Prophetic Program in His statement to the church in Rome:  For I am not ashamed of the gospel, for it is the power of God for salvation to everyone who believes, to the Jew first and also to the Greek” (Romans 1:16).

Paul’s saying the gospel went first to the Jew then to the Gentile, per God’s command.  Paul’s statement has nothing to do with evangelistic priority in our present era.  We do not evangelize Jews first and then go to Gentiles.  That day has passed.  While Paul’s practice throughout Acts was to go first to Jews, after Acts 28, this practice ended.  No distinctions exist between Jew and Gentile in the Body of Christ today (Ephesians 2:13-16; Galatians 3:27-29).  This is in contrast with Jesus’ teachings and Peter’s ministry.

Throughout Jesus’ ministry the Jew had priority.  When Jesus gave orders to go forth and proclaim “the kingdom of heaven is at hand” because their King was here, He ordered His apostles not to go to the Gentiles but only to “the lost sheep of Israel” (Matthew 10.5-6).  In His instruction of how to deal with a sinning brother Jesus taught His disciples that if the brother refused to listen then they should consider him a Gentile (Matthew 18:12-17).  Does this sound like Paul’s Church Doctrine of “no distinction?”  Hardly!  But we have an example of this truth in Mark 7:25-29.  When the Canaanite woman requested Jesus heal her daughter from demon possession, how did He respond to her?  He told her it was “not good to take the children’s bread and throw it to dogs.” Who were the “children?” Jesus is referring to the Jews.  The “dogs” were the Gentiles.  We know from this biblical account this woman was persistent; she would not be denied. Her determined faith caused Jesus to relent and grant her plea.  Despite Jewish priority, Jesus made an exception.  But it is clear from the Scriptures the Jews had priority in the prophetic kingdom of God.  Peter, obedient to his Lord and to the Scriptures continued this priority.

Thus, we read Peter’s statement to the Jews that they received the gospel first:  It is you who are the sons of the prophets and of the covenant which God made with your fathers, saying to Abraham, ‘And in your seed all the families of the earth shall be blessed.’  For you first, God raised up His Servant and sent Him to bless you by turning every one of you from your wicked ways (Acts 3.25-26).

Compare this with Paul’s statement to the Jews in Pisidian Antioch about the priority of the Jews, And Paul and Barnabas spoke out boldly and said, “It was necessary that the word of God should be spoken to you first; since you repudiate it, and judge yourselves unworthy of eternal life, behold we are turning to the Gentiles”” (Acts 13.46).

While were here we may as well address the purpose of the Book of Acts.  Most believe Luke wrote Acts to record the origination and growth of the Church.  The Church’s birth and growth is recorded so this is certainly part of Acts’ purpose.  However, Luke’s chief purpose was to explain what happened to God’s plan for Israel.  Acts explains Israel’s continued rejection of Jesus as their King and the consequent fall of the nation of Israel and the prophetic program due to unbelief.  Israel had committed a great crime in crucifying their Messiah (Acts 2:22-36).  But Jesus had risen triumphantly from the dead.  Jesus, as He had promised sent the Holy Spirit.  The prophecy of Joel had begun to be fulfilled (Acts 2.16-21).  The stage was set to fulfill the promises the prophets proclaimed throughout the O.T.  Peter, as head of the apostles, offered the nation a choice.  If they repented, the kingdom would come.  But they rejected his message.  Tragically, Acts closes in despair.  Acts records the Jews rejection of the gospel and ends with Paul’s witness of the Jews at Rome rejecting the gospel.  Luke recorded Paul’s declaration:  Let it be known to you therefore, that this salvation of God has been sent to the Gentiles; they will also listen” (Acts 28.28).

God’s salvation had been sent first to the Jews.  They refused it.  Paul proclaimed that the Gentiles would accept it.  And they have.  The vast majority, probably 99% of the Body of Christ, is composed of Gentiles today.  Paul’s pronouncement does not mean God is finished with His chosen people.  They have been set aside until “the fullness of the Gentiles is complete.” 

I say then, God has not rejected His people, has He?  May it never be!  (Romans 11)

For I do not want you, brethren, to be uninformed of this mystery-- so that you will not be wise in your own estimation-- that a partial hardening has happened to Israel until the fullness of the Gentiles has come in; (Romans 11:25).

Only God knows the name of the last individual (Jew or Gentile) to be saved in the Church Age and the timing of the Rapture of His saints in Christ. 

We’ve run out of time, so we’ll begin next week’s Bible lesson from this spot. 

(To be continued)

© Copyright 2011
GJ Heitzman’s Ministry
All Rights Reserved