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"Yes, I am coming quickly." Amen.
Revelation 22:20

This is a Home Bible study. It exists to promote the Word of God as it's written, which means nothing added or taken away, and minus opinions.

The Bible is the only source of Divine Truth in the world today. Although it is both helpful and informative in many ways, the Bible often doesn't tell us everything we want to know but the Bible does tell us everything we need to know.

My role is to guide you through the Scriptures; to explain what this book says and in some cases what it does not say because this is just as important.

Ultimately, you have a decision to make concerning your salvation - no one can make it for you. The Lord Jesus Christ, the Creator God, has given everyone the ability to make choices - this is is called "Free Will." I pray you consider your choice wisely.

II Timothy 2:15

Be diligent to present yourself approved to God as a workman who does not need to be ashamed, accurately handling the word of truth.


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Sunday, January 12, 2014

Romans by the Book (Lesson 36)



Home Bible Study- Lutz, Florida
Established November 2008

Rightly Dividing the Word of Truth
(2 Timothy 2:15)


This is good and acceptable in the sight of God our Savior, who desires all men to be saved and to come to the knowledge of the truth. 1Timothy 2:3-4


Romans by the Book
Lesson 36


Before we get started I want to welcome you to Home Bible Study.
I’m glad you’re here and I appreciate that you’re taking the time to study your Bible.

Before we get started I want to remind the group and the new visitors of these things:  

We may be certain that whatever God has made prominent in His Word, He intended to be conspicuous in our lives.  Charles Haddon Spurgeon

In case you are unaware, the previous Bible lesson and all the other lessons preceding it are located on this website in the archives.  You may study these at your leisure.

I also want to hark back to a familiar message I recite to all my classes at the beginning of the year - our best teaching tool is repetition; i.e. going over these lessons again and again for the purpose of learning.  In light of this, I recommend re-visiting these Bible lessons on a regular basis.  When you choose to do so regularly, they will soon become like a “friend,” if I may use this Illustration, that you know and trust. 

Please open your Bible to Romans, chapter 5 and we’ll begin.

We took a long look at verse twelve in the previous lesson so for the sake of time I’m not going to review it in this lesson.  We’re going to move on to verse thirteen instead.

Romans 5

13: for until the Law (of Moses) sin was in the world, but sin is not imputed when there is no law.

Although sin was in the world during the first 2500 years, from Adam to Moses, it (sin) is not added to the sinners account when there is no law.

If you recall from our Bible timeline, Adam was created around 4004 BC and the Mosaic Law was given to Moses at about 1500 BC.  That’s 2500 years; give or take a few years. 

(FYI:  I’m not one of those people who get mired in the details about the dates of biblical events, when we’re looking this far back in time.  The dates here are approximated.) 

In this verse, the Apostle Paul is informing us that during these 2500 years (or so) there were no written laws.  Now we know God created people with a conscience and “the work of the Law was written on their hearts” (Romans 2:15), but until the Law was given to Moses at Mt. Sinai God did not impute their sins because they were not breaking any laws, as such.  

…but sin is not imputedthe Greek word for “imputed” is Ellogeo which is (pronounced: el-log-eh’-o) and translates to: charge to one’s account. 

Obviously, this is an accounting term.  This Greek word is used only one other time in all of Scripture at Philemon 18.  It signifies to “charge up” something to someone as a “due.”  For example, if you deposit your payroll check into your bank those funds are “charged” to your bank account – Ellogeo.

Keeping in mind that:

It was to the man that the LORD God said, “…for in the day that you eat from it (the tree of the knowledge of good and evil) you will surely die.”

It was to God’s chosen people (the nation of Israel) through Moses that God gave the Law. 

The Apostle Paul is showing us the effect of a federal or representative sin, in which an Adam acted, bringing an effect upon the individuals connected with him.  Paul is about to prove that death passed to all men not because they committed sin, but because Adam sinned.  Paul is also about to show (verse 18) that all men were condemned by Adam’s single act of disobedience (were born into sin). 

Remember from Romans chapter 1:18-25, the human race had rejected “light” and were without excuse (Romans 2:1); even though they were “without law.” 

For God’s definition of sin is not “transgression of law (see 1 John 3:4) but in the Greek: anomia, which means refusal to be controlled – or self-will.

You see we’re not sinners because we break God’s commandments.
We break God’s commandments because we’re sinners!

Mankind refuses to be controlled by anyone least of all God! 
We all rebel against authority.  Do you question this statement?

Permit me.  What’s one of the first words a child usually learns to speak - no; right?   
Why - because the infant has heard this word spoken to them often in their short life span from their parents, grand-parents, and others.  And they don’t like hearing it. 

I was in the check-out line at the grocery store not long ago and I was behind a young mother who had a toddler with her.  While the mother was busy checking out, the child was busy exploring all the candy and had selected quite a few pieces.  From the smile on the little one’s face I’d say content would be a proper description of the child at this point. 

The youngster carried the candy up to her mother, dropping a couple pieces along the way, and said, “I want these.”  Mom quickly said, “No, you have lots of Christmas candy at home.  Put those back now.” 

Well, that sweet, once happy little child went ballistic.  I mean the kid began to cry and screamed so loudly the store manager came over to investigate.  By the way, the grocery store was packed with people.  Everyone stopped and stared at our checkout line. 
I truly felt sorry for the mother she was so visibly irritated and embarrassed…been there. 

You want to know how this short story turned out.  The child was allowed to keep the candy and the little tyke reverted to a contented child once again. 

We’re all rebellious.  Evidence of this truth is everywhere.
And were all sinners no one is exempted from this charge.

Romans 5

13: for until the Law (of Moses) sin was in the world, but sin is not imputed when there is no law.

We know for a fact that sin was in the world from Adam to Moses because the Bible has recorded for us such events as the world wide Noahic Flood, the destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah, and the death of the Canaanites, which followed, “the filling up of the cup of iniquity (Matthew 23:32)to name just a few instances.  

Nevertheless, the sins of humanity between Adam and Moses did not bring about this blanket Sentence of Death upon all of humanity. 

For all these people even though they sinned had not sinned after the likeness of the man’s transgression, which was a willful violation of a direct command from the LORD God, as was the nation of Israel’s, through Aaron (see the golden calf incident at Mt. Sinai –Exodus 32:34) which will be visited upon God’s people in the future during the Tribulation. 

The Ten Commandments, which God gave to Moses on Mt. Sinai, are not part of the Law of Moses.  The Law of Moses and the Ten Commandments are two completely separate laws. 

This is what we learn from the second half of the paragraph above starting at - as was the nation of Israel’s, through Aaron (see the golden calf incident at Mt. Sinai – Exodus 32:34).  As was the case with “the man,” the nation of Israel willfully violated a direct command from the LORD God and the penalty for this disobedience will be “visited upon God’s people (the Jews) in the future during the Tribulation.” 

To further illuminate this statement concerning the two separate laws the major difference is in the way they were recorded: 

At Exodus 31:18 we read:  When He (the LORD) had finished speaking with Him (Moses) upon Mount Sinai, He gave Moses the two tablets (the Ten Commandments) of the testimony, tablets of stone, written by the finger of God.


  • At Deuteronomy 31:9-13 we read: So Moses wrote this law and (did what) gave it to the priests, the sons of Levi who carried the ark of the covenant of the LORD, and to all the elders of Israel…



  • It’s interesting to note that after the LORD wrote the Ten Commandments he “added no more” to this Law, yet God gave “more statutes, precepts, judgments, and ordinances” to the Mosaic Law afterwards. 


Another difference between the two laws is this – the Ten Commandments were spoken to the nation of Israel by the LORD Himself.  God instructed them.  There was no mediator involved in the process.

Deuteronomy 4

13: “So He (the LORD) declared to you His covenant which He commanded you to perform, that is, the Ten Commandments; and He (did what) wrote them on two tablets of stone.

The following verses separates the Ten Commandments which “He commanded you,” from the statutes which, “the LORD commanded me (Moses) to teach you.”

Deuteronomy 4

14: “The LORD commanded me (Moses) at that time to teach you statutes and judgments, that you might perform them in the land where you are going to possess it.

Therefore, the Mosaic Law is known as “the commandments of Moses” throughout Scripture, but they have been known as the commandments of God.  However, the Ten Commandments are known ONLY as the direct commandments of God, and never ever as the commandments of Moses.   To do so would be a major flub. 

Let’s return to the book of Romans.

Romans 5

14: Nevertheless death reigned from Adam until Moses,

Therefore, Paul is saying the human race is under a sentence of death that they did not bring upon themselves – “death reigned from Adam until Moses.”

Unlike the man, and unlike the nation of Israel, after Moses, those who lived between these time periods had no Divine Law, the breaking of which would be a direct transgression and would bring about death, as the LORD God had said.

“…Nevertheless death reigned” - over all these people. 

We know this statement is true.  Newborn babies come into the world, they have no comprehension of right or wrong, and they die.  

Every little white coffin authenticates this Bible verse.  In fact, every time you drive past a cemetery this verse should remind us of the universal effect of Adam’s sin.  Because of his willful violation of God’s expressed command “death passed to all men (and women).  But there’s good news!


(To be continued)


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