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"Yes, I am coming quickly." Amen.
Revelation 22:20

This is a Home Bible study. It exists to promote the Word of God as it's written, which means nothing added or taken away, and minus opinions.

The Bible is the only source of Divine Truth in the world today. Although it is both helpful and informative in many ways, the Bible often doesn't tell us everything we want to know but the Bible does tell us everything we need to know.

My role is to guide you through the Scriptures; to explain what this book says and in some cases what it does not say because this is just as important.

Ultimately, you have a decision to make concerning your salvation - no one can make it for you. The Lord Jesus Christ, the Creator God, has given everyone the ability to make choices - this is is called "Free Will." I pray you consider your choice wisely.

II Timothy 2:15

Be diligent to present yourself approved to God as a workman who does not need to be ashamed, accurately handling the word of truth.


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Friday, October 30, 2015

Romans by the Book (Lesson 116)



Home Bible Study ©
Established November 2008
Rightly Dividing the Word of Truth
(2 Timothy 2:15)
www.2Tim215.Net                                             

This is good and acceptable in the sight of God our Savior, who desires all men to be saved and to come to the knowledge of the truth. 1Timothy 2:3-4

Romans by the Book                                                    Lesson 116                                                                 

We begin our study of Romans 16 with this lesson; the final chapter of Paul’s letter to these Believers in Rome.  Before we get started with that I want to take the time to thank you for “hanging tough” throughout this course of study which began more than three years ago and for being here for this occasion.  It’s an achievement worthy of acknowledgment, which is why I’m putting it first on the agenda.

Many people choose to skip Romans 16.  I guess the only thing they see here is a list of dead people’s names, so they move on.  #1:  I believe everything in this book is profitable and worthy of our attention, and I pray I can help you recognize this.  #2:  These people Paul listed in this chapter aren’t “dead and gone.”  These eternal souls are alive and with the Lord in heaven (2 Corinthians 5:6-8; Philippians 1:23).  They will be reunited with their “changed” resurrected body at the rapture of the church (1 Thessalonians 4:13-17).

When I was in the 5th grade I remember the city had roped off the sidewalk in front of our home because it was unsafe to walk on.  City employees started working on it one day and before long they had removed the damaged areas and prepped the site.  Then one morning a cement truck came and wet cement was poured into these areas.  As soon as they packed up their gear and left my brothers and I ran outside to write our names in the fresh cement before it dried.  Our scribbling can still be seen today.  I can’t describe the emotion.  What I can say is something inside me wanted to ensure my name would be preserved well beyond my years and I think this is true for all of us.

Let’s forget for the moment what my brother’s and I did that day concerning the fresh cement could be considered an act of “vandalism,” and choose to focus instead on “preserving” one’s name for all time.  Every true Believer should know that their names were “preserved” for eternity the very moment they believed in the gospel of Jesus Christ in what I refer to as “God’s Family Album.”  Scripture calls this the Book of Life.

The Book of Life is a record containing the names of those who have overcome sin through accepting Jesus Christ as their personal Lord and Savior.  In other words, the Book of Life contains the names of God’s adopted children, the redeemed, those who will live with God forever in heaven.  (Revelation 3:5, 17:8, 20:11-15, 21:27; Philippians 4:3).  If this doesn’t make you smile, I not sure what will  : )

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Here in Romans 16 our Apostle Paul gives us a list of 33 friends and relatives.  These folks never could have imagined that their names would be recorded in the Scriptures and then made forever noteworthy.  Nine of the people were with Paul – eight men and one woman.  Then there are 24 names mentioned in Rome – 17 men and 7 women.  Paul mentions two households and two unnamed women – the mother of Rufus and the sister of Nereus, as well as some unnamed brethren.  Since he had never visited Rome, I’m thinking this is an impressive list of names.  Obviously, aside from the relatives, these are people he met and befriended somewhere else in the Roman Empire then they decided to move to Rome at some point.

Please open your Bible at Romans 16:1.

Greetings and love Expressed

Romans 16

1: I commend to you our sister Phoebe, who is a servant (deacon) of the church which is at Cenchrea; (see New Revised Standard w/Apocrypha Translation).

2: that you receive her in the Lord in a manner worthy of the saints, and that you help her in whatever matter she may have need of you; for she herself has also been a helper of many, and of myself as well.

It was common back then, as it is now, for an individual arriving amongst strangers to bear a letter of introduction, commending that person favorably to those to whom the letter was addressed (Acts 18:27).  In verse 1 Paul introduces Phoebe to the church in Rome via this letter and gives her a warm recommendation.  Phoebe was a “deacon” of the church at Cenchrea, the port for Corinth, Greece, located 9 miles east of the city - on the eastern side of the isthmus.  The King James Bible has translated Phoebe’s role in this church as a “deaconess.  This is a sexist term.  The title and duties of a deacon is the same for a male or a female.

In comparison, Paul wrote a similar letter recommending his protégé Timothy to the church at Corinth (1 Corinthians 16:10-11).  In the same tone, Paul asks these Believers in Rome to:  receive her in the Lord in a manner (in high regard) worthy of the saints. 

The word receive in the Greek language is Prosdechomai (pronounced:  pros-dekh’-om-ahee) meaning to receive and is commonly employed in diplomatic correspondence for receiving a messenger.  We find the same verb occurring in Philippians 2:29:  Receive him (Epaphroditus) then in the Lord with all joy, and hold men like him in high regard.

Please take note of the number of women Paul mentions in this chapter - many more than any other literature of that time and for good reason.  You see, women occupy a prominent place in the New Testament Church.  As we see with Phoebe, they handled important tasks within their church each according to the gifts they had received from God.  Therefore, there is nothing in Romans 16:1-2 which indicates or suggests that Phoebe’s role in the church was any less significant, less important, or less official than that of Timothy or Epaphroditus, or any of Paul’s co-workers for that matter! 

However, let’s remember that God has ordained and assigned the duties and responsibilities within His church (1 Corinthians 12:28).  Although deacons both male and female, served in the early church only an elder could “feed the church;” i.e. teach the people God’s Truths, or spiritually guide them.  Elders or overseers are ministers of God’s Word simply said and these were always men (1 Timothy 5:17; Titus 1:9-11; Hebrews 13:17).

The term elder as a title for a church leader only occurs 3 times in Paul’s writings.  This indicates it was not a subject of great importance to him.  In fact, he didn’t even start using the term in his work until near the end of his life when he wrote his pastoral letters.   So, where did the usage begin?  Please turn to Acts chapter 14.

In Acts 14:21-22 Paul begins to head back to Antioch, retracing the steps of his 1st missionary journey.  He decided to re-visit the churches he previously founded to “strengthen the souls of the disciples and he exhorted them to continue in the faith.”  It’s the Apostle Luke who tells us in Acts 14:23 that Paul and Barnabas “appointed elders for them in every church” having prayed with fasting, they commended them to the Lord in whom they had believed.” 

Scripture doesn’t say Paul called them elders.  This is an assumption people adopt. Luke wrote the book of Acts so this is probably his work.  Luke drew from his “Jewish roots,” if you’ll permit, to give these people a title - a word for a N.T. church leader to which Paul may have given no name at all except perhaps for “the ruling ones” (1 Thessalonians 5:12) or “the overseers” (Acts 20:28).  Let’s not forget Paul was also a Jew who says he was:  advancing in Judaism beyond many of my contemporaries among my countrymen, being more extremely zealous for my ancestral traditions (Galatians 2:14).

From Luke’s viewpoint:  it is clear from these biblical passage I’ve provided below and others that Jewish elders held a place of leadership from an early period.  Over time, the position of elder progressed from an informal position of leadership to a specific calling of God especially during the return of the Jews to Jerusalem under Ezra and Nehemiah.  (Genesis 10:21, Genesis 50:7; Exodus 3:16, Exodus 12:21, Exodus 24; Numbers 11)

…and that you help her in whatever matter she may have need of you; for she herself has also been a helper of many, and of myself as well.  Phoebe, according to Paul helped him and many others as a faithful servant of the church in Cenchrea.  The Bible offers no more information than this.  Since Paul chose to omit these “helpful” facts in his letter, we can only speculate as to what he meant to say or apply opinion here, and I shy away from doing either.  However, every faithful servant of their church such as Phoebe are not only worthy of our notice but of our prayers and respect for their service to the Lord and to others.

Romans 16

3: Greet Prisca (Latin name of which Priscilla is the diminutive) and Aquila (her husband), my fellow workers in Christ Jesus,

After Paul left Athens, during his 2nd missionary journey, he arrived in Corinth, Greece.  There he found a Jew name Aquila, having recently came from Italy with his wife Priscilla, because Claudius had commanded all the Jews to leave Rome.  These three stood on common ground being Jews and of the same trade (tent makers), so they agreed to work together.  Paul moved in with them eventually (Acts 18:1-3). 

Scripture says, And he (Paul) settled there a year and six months, teaching the word of God among them.  (Acts 18:11)  Can you imagine 18 months of intense Bible study with the Apostle Paul and one-on-one at that?  Both Aquila and Priscilla matured in their faith in short order under Paul’s guidance. 

I don’t believe in coincidence – I believe in God.  Paul didn’t bump into Aquila and Priscilla accidentally nor was the time he spent with them in Corinth wasted.  This was proven to be true when Paul left there for Ephesus, they accompanied him, and he left them there for his home church in Antioch (Acts 18:18-22).  While Paul was away, a Jew named Apollos, and eloquent man, came to Ephesus.  He was mighty in the Scriptures.  He had been instructed in the “way” of the Lord; and being fervent in spirit, he was speaking and teaching accurately the things concerning Jesus Christ, being acquainted (or having knowledge) ONLY with the baptism of John the Baptist or the Gospel of the Kingdom (Acts 18:24-26). The same gospel message as the twelve in Truth i.e. “believe that Jesus Christ is the Son of God. (Acts 8:25-38).

Aquila and Priscilla went to hear him speak and they were impressed by his sincerity, his love for God, and his knowledge of the Old Testament.  But his message was deficient (incomplete).  All Apollos knew, beyond the O.T. was the message preached by John the Baptist, which merely looked forward to the coming of the Messiah.  But when Priscilla and Aquila heard him, they took him aside and explained to him the way of God more accurately (Acts 18:26). 

This means, they lovingly explained the life and ministry of Jesus Christ, His sacrificial and substitionary death on the cross for the sins of every sinner both Jew and Gentile, His victorious resurrection from the garden tomb and glorious ascension into heaven, the necessity for personal salvation from sin by faith (alone) in Jesus Christ’s finished work of the cross, the birth of the Body of Christ and God’s church, and the applicable Grace Age doctrines. 

Now armed with the Truth or the complete message Apollos immediately began preaching Jesus Christ crucified, buried, and resurrected, according to the Scriptures and all that this means.  He traveled through Achaia eventually winding up in Corinth, where he “watered” where Paul had “sown,” building on another man’s foundation.  (Acts 19:1; 1 Corinthians 3:6, 15:1-4)

Romans 16

4: (Aquila and Priscilla) who for my life risked their own necks, to whom not only do I give thanks, but also all the churches of the Gentiles;

The Bible does not say how Priscilla and Aquila risked their lives for Paul or when it happened, but somehow, somewhere, at sometime they endangered their lives to save Paul’s life and for that we all need to give thanks.

Romans 16

5: also greet the church that is in their house.  Greet Epaenetus, my beloved, who is the first convert to Christ in Asia.

6: Greet Mary, who has worked hard for you.

7: Greet Andronicus and Junias, my kinsman and my fellow prisoners, who are outstanding among the apostles, who also were in Christ before me.

…also greet the church (ecclesia in the Greek language meaning “a called out assembly”) that is in their house.  People didn’t “go” to church in Paul’s day.  For one thing the people were too poor to own land or to build structures to meet in.  Ancient history is a bit cloudy when looking as far back as the 1st century AD, but some historians claim the earliest building devoted exclusively to Christian worship was at Dura Europos on the Euphrates River in eastern Roman Syria.  It was a house that came into Christian possession and was remodeled in the year 240 AD for that purpose.  But this didn’t last long as the Sassanian Persians destroyed it in the year 256 AD. 

More importantly keeping a “low-profile” (not attracting unnecessary attention) in Paul’s day would have been a wise decision in view of the persecution coming from the Roman government and from Jewish opposition.  Therefore, small groups met in homes primarily for their safety and for the convenience.  We know of at least three house churches in Rome, but there could have been many more. 

In verse 5 Paul remarks on the length of time his friend Epaenetus was in Christ Jesus.  His conversion took place at the beginning of Paul’s mission into Asia (western Turkey). 

Then in verse 7 he mentions Andronicus and Junias his relatives (kinsmen) who were converted to Christ while he was still a zealous persecutor of the Jewish saints in and about Jerusalem, well before his conversion.  It’s hard to tell if this is a husband and wife or two brothers.  It all depends on the name “Junias.”  If it is “Junias” with an “s,” as the translators have it here, it is a male.  If it is “Junia,” as the KJV Bible translation has it, it is female.  Whoever they were they were Jews, relatives of Paul, who became Believers in Christ Jesus’ shed blood for their sins.

Let’s read verse 8 thru 16 together.

Romans 16

8: Greet Ampliatus, my beloved in the Lord.

9: Greet Urbanus, our fellow worker in Christ, and Stachys my beloved.

10: Greet Apelles, the approved in Christ.  Greet those who are the household of Aristobulus.

11: Greet Herodion, my kinsmen (relative).  Greet those of the household of Narcissus, who are in the Lord.

12: Greet Typhaena and Tryphosa, workers in the Lord.  Greet Persis the beloved, who has worked hard in the Lord.

13: Greet Rufus, a choice man in the Lord, also his mother and mine.

14: Greet Asyncritus, Phiegon, Hermes, Patrobas, Hermas and the brethren with them.

15: Greet Philologus and Julia, Nereus and his sister, and Olympas, and all the saints who are with them.

16: Greet one another with a holy kiss.  All the churches of Christ (in the vicinity, particularly in Achaia) greet you.

You can scan your Bible in search of all these names Paul has given us, but I’ll save you some time.  You’re not going to find them anywhere else but here in Romans 16.  Other Bible commentator’s offer opinions as to who these people may be, but you see in the end that’s all you end up with - opinions.  Instead of following suit, as it were, I think it’s best that we work with what we know from the Scriptures vs relying on speculation and uncertainty.  To do this we must remember what we’ve learned so far.

Why did Paul Write This Letter to the Church in Rome

Paul wrote this letter for a number of purposes.  First and foremost among them was an explanation of God’s Grace and a straightforward presentation of the gospel of Jesus Christ.  Paul also wanted to address mounting tensions between Jewish and Gentile Believers in the church.  These “anxious feelings” within the church community were bringing about division amongst the Jewish and Gentile Believers in Rome. 

Early Believers had to deal with some important questions about their faith such as what was Christianity’s relationship with the Jewish faith.  Was it necessary for Believers to observe Jewish laws?  Was it wrong for Jewish Believers to adhere to Jewish traditions?  Uncertainty on these issues and others caused friction between the factions.

Many of the Jewish Believers still practiced the teachings of the Jewish Law such as observance of the Sabbath, feast days, and dietary rules.  The Gentile Believers, however, considered these practices to be strange and unnecessary.  The Law-observant Jews would not eat with the Gentiles who did not share their dietary laws, and the Gentiles saw no need to sacrifice their freedom in Christ Jesus for the sake of unnecessary customs.  Instead of loving one another with the Love of Jesus Christ, bitterness and contention arose between the two groups to such a degree that neither group saw the need to associate or fellowship with members of the other group.  The Christian Believers in Rome had become divided into Jewish churches and Gentile churches, each group viewing itself as superior to the other group.

Remember, Paul wanted to go to Spain.  This was to be his next mission.  It would take money and resources to accomplish this goal.  To launch his mission into Spain, Paul needed the support of Believers and the closest Believers to Spain were in Rome.  Fortunately, he had this list of contacts in Rome.  These people could testify about his character and his other missionary journeys to others, helping him toward this goal.

If Paul was going to garner the support of the Roman Believers for his mission trip to Spain, he would have to put right this division within the church.  He would have to “unite” these two factions into one functional spiritual body.   Paul was aware that a major obstacle to this task was that the Christian Believers never gathered together in one church.  He knew of at least three churches in Rome that met in homes of Believers. These groups met in small apartment type dwellings in the poorer parts of the city.  Little, if any, interaction occurred among these isolated pockets of Believers, who had become segregated into Jewish and Gentile churches.  If Paul could persuade them to meet together, to get to know one another, to pray and worship together, and to share a meal together in the Lord’s name, perhaps the barriers which existed between these two factions would break up and they would become one church united in accord, love, and service to the Lord Jesus Christ. 

As we see in Paul’s letter, his message again and again to both factions is a plea for unity in Christ Jesus.  This mandate is essential on the part of every Believer in order to fulfill the prayer of Jesus Christ for unity so that the world may believe:  accept one another, just as Christ also accepted us to the glory of God.  (Romans 15:7)

Since Jesus Christ accepted us with our imperfections (Romans 5:8), then Paul challenged everyone in the Roman church to show grace, love, and tolerance to fellow Believers in Christ Jesus, who for reasons of conscience, followed different rules about diet, holidays, and other religious practices, reminding them not to judge others (Romans 14,15).

Romans 16

16: Greet one another with a holy kiss. 

The word kiss in the Greek language is Philema and means a sacred kiss; physically pure and morally blameless.  It was a common custom in most nations for people to kiss each other at meeting or parting to display their love, sincere affection, and friendship for each other.  The kiss is called holy to distinguish it from a sexual one, from a hypocritical one, or one such as Judas gave to Jesus Christ on the night of His betrayal. 

For Believers, a holy kiss, expressed brotherly love and unity.  Furthermore, a holy kiss from a Jewish Believer to a Christian Believer was evidence that the Gentiles were accepted fully into their fellowship.   

(To be continued)

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GJ Heitzman’s Ministry
All Rights Reserved


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Friday, October 23, 2015

Romans by the Book (lesson 115)



Home Bible Study ©
Established November 2008
Rightly Dividing the Word of Truth
(2 Timothy 2:15)
www.2Tim215.Net                                             

This is good and acceptable in the sight of God our Savior, who desires all men to be saved and to come to the knowledge of the truth. 1Timothy 2:3-4


Romans by the Book                                                          Lesson 115                                 

If you’ll take the time to study what the Scriptures have revealed to us about our Apostle Paul, not only will you learn what “drove” this man to be the most successful missionary of all time you’ll also discover who gave him the endurance, strength, and wisdom necessary to carry out the mission, reminding us that the power we receive to live the life of a Believer comes from God and not from ourselves.  (Philippians 4:13)

Right out of the gate the first thing you should realize is God can and will save anyone.  A lot of people throughout history have committed despicable acts against other human beings.  Saul’s name could be added to this list without argument, since he was responsible for the deaths of innocent men, women, and children, but that wasn’t the “end” of his story… which makes Paul’s story worth telling over and over again today.

Admittedly, Saul caused great harm to the saints at Jerusalem and elsewhere trying to destroy the church (ecclesia = called out assembly) of God.  If he had been brought to trial to face judgment for his crimes against humanity, many would not consider him worthy of a second chance at life; but God says he is worthy!  How do I know this?

Your Bible says:  And He (Jesus Christ) died for all, (this means every person who’s ever been born for we are all sinners just like Saul and Ted Bundy, who became a Believer on death row) so that they who live might no longer live for themselves, but for Him who died and rose again on their behalf.  (Psalms 51:5; Romans 3:23, 5:12; 2 Corinthians 5:15)

Every person matters to God, including the atheist, those who are trying to live a moral life (without God), and the despicably wicked.  Every soul has value and is worth saving but only God can redeem the lost sinner and bring them home (Mark 8:36).

Another thing you’ll learn about Paul is that he was a humble, but powerful, witness for Jesus Christ.  Certainly, no other human figure in the Bible demonstrated more humility while sharing God’s Gospel as Paul:  serving the Lord with all humility and with tears and with trials which came upon me through the plots of the Jews; how I did not shrink from declaring to you anything that was profitable, and teaching you publicly and from house to house, (Acts 20:19-20).

Paul shared the good news of Jesus Christ:  preaching the kingdom of God and teaching concerning the Lord Jesus Christ with all openness (boldly), unhindered (Acts 28:31).  Paul was not ashamed of the gospel or afraid to tell others what the Lord was doing in his life and the lives of others.  He would spend the rest of his days working tirelessly, against the odds, for the kingdom of God (Romans 1:16).

I think you’ll also learn in short-order that Paul was “sold-out” for God.  This doesn’t mean he was so heavenly minded that he was of no earthly good.  It simply means that Paul kept the Main Thing the Main Thing.  God and His kingdom are the Main Things.  External matters come into play but they are not able to “bump” our relationship with God and others off the #1 position. 

The Pharisees in Jesus’ time are a classic example of focusing on secondary matters and missing the Main Thing.  In Matthew 23:23-24 Jesus scolds them:  Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites!  For you tithe mint and dill and cumin, and have neglected the weightier provisions of the law: justice and mercy and faithfulness; but these are the things you should have done without neglecting the others.  You blind guides, who strain out a gnat and swallow a camel!”  The Law commanded tithing, but these men had gotten so carried away with tithing that they even counted out a tenth of their table spices!  All the while, Jesus says, they neglected the heart of the Law, which was justice, mercy, and faithfulness.  They neglected to keep the Main Thing the Main Thing.

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Please open your Bible at Romans 15:17 and let’s read some Scripture together.

Romans 15

17: Therefore in Christ Jesus I have found reason for boasting in things pertaining to God.

18: For I will not presume to speak of anything except what Christ has accomplished through me, resulting in the obedience of the Gentiles by word and deed,

19: in the power of signs and wonders, in the power of the Spirit; so that from Jerusalem and round about as far as Illyricum I have fully preached the gospel of Christ.

Too many people in the church, both leaders and worshippers, speak negatively about Paul, if they mention his name at all.  They label him a “fraud.” They say his writings should not be in the Bible, stating he did not meet the criteria for being an apostle of Jesus Christ.  They also say he’s a “loud mouth and a braggart.” 

False accusations like these and others in opposition to Paul and his ministry date back to the 1st century AD and remain prevalent today, unfortunately.  Paul defended his apostleship; and the authority given him by the risen Lord Jesus Christ in quite a few of his letters to the churches (1 Corinthians 9; 2 Corinthians 10-13; Galatians 1:10-2:14).  People who accurately handle the word of truth (rightly dividing the Scriptures) are still defending his apostleship today!  You may count this Bible teacher as one of these. 

When Paul boasts it’s never about himself, his goodness, his abilities, or in his accomplishments.  Instead, as your Bible says here:  (Paul) found reason for boasting in things pertaining to God, Christ Jesus, and what He has accomplished through (him) by making the Gentiles obedient to Jesus Christ.  What does this mean?

The Gentiles obeyed in “word,” by confessing Christ as their Lord and trusting in His substitionary sacrifice for their sins.  They obeyed in “deed” by acknowledging their sin, turning away from it, and by obeying the commands of God (2 Timothy 3:16).  These are outward signs of genuine inward change and of true conversion. 

When Paul said, “I will not presume to speak of anything except what Christ has accomplished through me,” he is merely saying that he is the conduit through which Jesus Christ and the Holy Spirit both work.  His ministry wasn’t a self-started, self-designed, self-sustained mission.  It is the very work of Christ, continued through Paul in the power of signs and wonders, in the power of the Spirit.  Only God can work such miraculous signs and wonders and it was the Holy Spirit who gave Paul the power to preach.

Paul took the gospel of Jesus Christ where it had not been heard before.  The signs and wonders which Paul performed were to prove to the pagans that God was in their midst and they served to authenticate Paul’s message; a message that should be taken seriously.  These signs and wonders also confirmed Paul’s apostleship (2 Corinthians 12:11-13). 

FYI:  Illyricum is on the west side of Greece.  So Paul had spread his gospel from Jerusalem to Galatia and then crossed the Aegean Sea to Greece and then all the way to western Greece.  He hasn’t entered Rome yet, but he will end up there in a roundabout way.  He gets arrested in Jerusalem and sent to Rome to stand trial (Acts 21:27-36).

Romans 15 

20: And thus I aspired to preach the gospel, not where Christ was already named, so that I would not build on another’s man’s foundation;

21: but as it is written, “THEY WHO HAD NO NEWS OF HIM SHALL SEE, AND THEY WHO HAVE NOT HEARD SHALL UNDERSTAND.”  (Isaiah 52:15)

In verse 20 Paul remarks that he does not wish to preach the gospel where Christ was already named or build on another man’s foundation.  Don’t get the idea that there were a lot of people traveling the countryside preaching Jesus Christ crucified at this time in history because there weren’t.  So it’s doubtful that Paul would encroach upon another man’s territory.  What our Apostle Paul is actually telling us in verse 20 is that it’s God’s will that Paul preach the gospel of Jesus Christ, primarily to the Gentiles, where it had not been preached before.  Paul understood his calling as an apostle of Jesus Christ fully.  It wasn’t his role to build on another man’s foundation or their preaching.  His responsibility was to lay the foundation! 

Permit me to show you what I mean from Scripture.  Please turn in your Bible to 1 Corinthians 3:10-15:  According to the grace of God which was given to me, like a wise (skillful) master builder (architect) I laid a foundation, and another (teacher) is building on it.  But each man must be careful how he builds on it.  For no man can lay a foundation other than the one which is (already) laid, which is Jesus Christ.

Those of you with some building experience already know this but the purpose of a firm foundation is to hold up and hold together the structure above it.  A properly built foundation increases the amount of abuse or stress the structure above it can take and yet remain safe protecting the inhabitants inside it.  And so goes the gospel and teachings of Paul.

By the grace given to him by God Paul proceeded to lay a firm foundation in Corinth on which the church (the Body of Christ) could mature.  He communicated to these Believers the first elements of God’s mystery of grace.  But let every man that comes after him, who professes to be a teacher/preacher, be careful what instructions he gives to the church that has been founded by Paul and established on the only true foundation – Jesus Christ.  This is God’s plan designed to guard against false instructions and false teachers.  False teachers should take heed because the church belongs to God and He is a jealous God (Exodus 20:4-5; Galatians 1:6-10).

Romans 15

22: For this reason I have often been prevented from coming to you;

23: but now, with no further place for me in these regions, and since I have had for many years a longing to come to you (Acts 19:21).

24: whenever I go (on my course) to Spain – for I hope to see you in passing, and to be helped on my way there by you, when I have first enjoyed your company for a while (Acts 15:3).

In verse 22 Paul remarks that he had often been prevented from coming to you (in Rome).  After many years of hoping, praying, and trying to visit the saints in Rome, Paul offers up an excuse for his delay in coming and his extended absence from Rome. 

The thing that struck me is why did Paul offer an excuse for not coming to Rome and why is it recorded forever in the annals of history? 

Taking into account that this letter was penned in Corinth, some 600 miles southeast of Rome, Paul admits to having preached the gospel in and as far as Illyricum, just across the Adriatic Sea from Italy, which was little more than 400 miles from Rome.  However, Paul didn’t travel to Rome, as close as he was at that time.  Now when he leaves Corinth he intends to travel in the opposite direction (southeast) more than 800 miles to Jerusalem.

The reason Paul offers an excuse for not visiting Rome and the reason it’s recorded here for us to learn from is his commitments (travels) and priorities (ministering to the saints), which took most of his time, prevented him from coming to Rome.  The success of Paul’s ministry or the positive impact the gospel of Jesus Christ was having on the pagans kept him away lo these many years.  In other words, Paul was busy serving God, His saints, and doing His will (Romans 12:1-2).  As much as Paul desired to be with these folks in Rome, Paul understood the work of God took top priority.  There’s a lesson here for all of us.  Either the things of God matter or they don’t.  There’s no middle ground here and Paul knew this. 

Yet, according to verse 23, he considered his “mission” complete, in terms of taking God’s Gospel to these regions.  Paul was referring to evangelizing the Greek speaking eastern half of the Mediterranean world.  If you think about it this is an incredible statement.  What a wonderful thing it would be if anyone of us could say we had talked to all the people on our block or in our neighborhood about what Jesus Christ means to us or is accomplishing in our lives…  Paul had evangelized a large portion of the Greek speaking world and he had his eyes on Spain.

Does this mean every soul in this area had been converted?  All the saints firmly established and perfected in Christ Jesus?  No, it doesn’t.  What he meant is he had fulfilled his role as an apostle; he had laid the foundation.  His mission was to go and preach Jesus Christ crucified and resurrected from the dead and to establish church groups so that the gospel of Jesus Christ could go out from these small groups. 

Paul felt the “urge” to go where Jesus Christ’s name had not been heard before – a Divine calling without a doubt.  In verse 24 the Greek word for go is Poreuomai (pronounced: por-yoo’-om-ahee) which means:  to pursue.  It’s the same word used of Christ’s pursuing His path:  When the days were approaching for His ascension, He was determined to go to Jerusalem; (Luke 9:51).

From Paul’s comment in verse 24 we know that Paul “planned” to go to Spain.  Whether he actually made it there is an unanswered question.  Since the Scriptures give zero details about this missionary journey, we’re going to leave this item right where we found it and move on.  I’m not one to speculate or offer an opinion on the unknown.

Paul hopes not only to spend some time with these folks in Rome, but to be helped on (his) way there by them.  This is how the gospel was spread back in Paul’s day and to some degree is today.  It is by the offerings and the prayers of the saints that men are sent to preach God’s good news where it hasn’t been heard before.

You’d think with the arrival of the “electronic age” that every person on the planet would have had an opportunity to hear the gospel by now, but you’d be mistaken.  Despite our technological advances less than 7% of those living today are Believers.  About 50% of the world’s population still does not know who Jesus Christ is and they have not heard the gospel.  China with 1.2 billion people has only a limited gospel witness.  In addition, approximately 75% of the world’s population does not have a clear understanding of the gospel.  People view Christianity with the same vagueness as they view Buddhism, Hinduism, or Confucianism, which means just because he or she has heard the gospel of Jesus Christ doesn’t mean they have a clear understanding of it – which means they have not appropriated God’s message and are not saved. 

Romans 15

25: but now, I am going to Jerusalem serving the saints (Acts 19:21).

26: For Macedonia (the northern part of Greece) and Achaia (the southern part of Greece – Corinth was in this region) have been pleased to make a contribution for the poor among the saints in Jerusalem.

27:  Yes, they were pleased to do so, and they are indebted to them.  For if the Gentiles have shared in their spiritual things, they are indebted to minister to them also in material things (1Corinthians 9:11).

In verse 25 Paul announces his plan and his purpose for going to Jerusalem.  It was to serve the (very) poor saints living there by hand-delivering the contributions collected from the saints in Macedonia and Achaia.  This was a love offering pure and simple.  In fact, it is termed a “special grace” from God six times by Paul, when he speaks of it in his second letter to the Corinthians (2 Corinthians 8-9). 

What we aren’t seeing here in these verses is the area where this love offering came from was extremely poor.  These folks didn’t give freely from their wealth; they gave freely and gladly from their poverty.  The poverty of the Macedonians is confirmed by secular history, as the Romans confiscated the majority of their wealth when they conquered this former homeland of Alexander the Great.  

Although it’s true they suffered from “extreme poverty,” it is also true they had “an abundance of joy” (2 Corinthians 8:2) and according to their ability, and beyond their ability, they gave of their own accord (meaning Paul didn’t ask for this contribution).  These people pleaded with Paul for the favor of participation, actually considering it a privilege to share in this service to the poor among the saints in Jerusalem.

Since the areas of Macedonia and Achaia were poor themselves, don’t get the idea that a huge sum of money was collected from these Believers.  If a word had to be chosen to describe their gift that word would probably be “meager.”  Given that, why did these folks go through all the trouble, especially when they had so little? 

Paul says …but they gave themselves (first) to the Lord and to us by the will of God (2 Corinthians 8:5).  Their sacrifice was to Him first and foremost.  It was a work of grace, i.e. God the Spirit working in them and through them, and they were pleased to do it.  They knew the spiritual gifts they had received by faith in Christ Jesus ultimately came by way of the Jews (John 4:22).  They also knew the very least they could do in response to God’s free gift of Grace was to lend a helping hand, by way of financial support, to those in need and no one needed to ask them for the gift (Romans 5:15-17). 

Romans 15

28: Therefore, when I have finished this, and have put my seal on this fruit (contribution) of theirs, I will go on by way of you to Spain.

29: I know that when I come to you, I will come in the fullness of the blessing of Christ.

(To be continued)

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GJ Heitzman’s Ministry
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[Published Weekly on Friday]